January 04, 2021
0 min read

Software development project planning in Agile

Software development project planning in Agile.png

What is project planning in software development?

Software development teams plan with agile to create solutions quickly. The Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) refers to the route that the team will take to create a finished solution. The SDLC typically consists of seven steps:

  1. Analysis and planning

  2. Gathering requirements

  3. Design and prototyping

  4. Software development

  5. Testing

  6. Deployment

  7. Maintenance and updates

 Read more on SDLC steps and the difference between SDLC and Agile.

So how do teams create a software development plan?

1. Analysis and planning

First, the team will ask questions so the planning goal is clear. These questions will vary by project, but some common questions they might ask:

  • How does the project benefit the company and the end-users?

  • How many resources will the project need?

  • What are the schedule and deadlines for the project?

  • What will be the project cost?

In answering these questions the software development team will analyze and map out a course of action. The planning step is the most important part of the agile project planning process. Planning should involve all stakeholders and team members. This ensures everyone understands and gives needed information on goals for the project. They should all understand which team members will complete which components.

2. Gathering requirements

The team gathers requirements by addressing what exactly the software will be used for and by whom. They determine security needs and risks. The software development team ask stakeholders and users what problems they need the software to address and how. 

From here, the team will use agile methodology to plan sprints.

3. Design and prototyping

The software development team begins the design and prototyping step in SDLC by creating wireframes to show how the end product will work and interact with existing software. They might take this further and produce mockups or functioning prototypes to have users test. Design and prototyping help the team work out how the code will function, identifying areas where problems may arise later.

4. Software development

With design and prototyping complete, the team moves on to the actual development of the software. Using agile methodology, the team develops different components of the project in short sprints.

5. Testing

Testing often proves to be the most important part of the SDLC. The development team must ensure that the software contains no bugs or security issues. They must also ensure that the software performs as designed. Testing should involve the development team, stakeholders, and beta tester end users. In agile projects, testing takes place throughout the development process.

Read more on Software Testing Life Cycle (STLC).

6. Deployment

Once the software development team has finished testing, it’s time to deploy the software to end users. 

7. Maintenance and updates

No software project is ever “finished.” User requirements may change. New security risks may pop up. Undetected bugs might show themselves. The development team takes this information and adds it to the project backlog, tackling the backlog in a new sprint.

The way a software development team using agile methodology uses the SDLC is different from traditional waterfall development methods. Scrum is a critical part of the agile process.

Related post: What are the differences between Agile and Waterfall?

First, let’s define terms. According to the Agile Alliance:

Scrum is a process framework used to manage product development and other knowledge work.  Scrum is empirical in that it provides a means for teams to establish a hypothesis of how they think something works, try it out, reflect on the experience, and make the appropriate adjustments. 

Sprints are set amounts of time that a part of the process should be completed within. The scrum master will determine the length of the sprint. 

Using scrum, the software development team plans the sprints needed to create the final software. The project owner guides the team in reviewing items in the project backlog. This process in agile is call backlog grooming or backlog refinement. Basically, the project owner which items still need addressing, which are outdated, and which are completed.

As part of the backlog grooming process, the team will look at user stories. User stories are descriptions of features written from the end users’ perspective. User stories should be simple and general. The stories should spell out the importance of a feature to the end-user. User stories help to improve project results. Using user stories keeps the team focused on people, not processes. User stories should not look like software requirements. Agile development teams must always work toward a final product that puts users at the center.

During the sprint planning process, the team might add new user stories or remove stories that are no longer relevant. The team will meet for a specific amount of time to discuss the sprint and what they hope to achieve. The sprint planning meeting should involve the project owner, scrum master, project manager and the development and testing teams.

Read more on Sprint planning meeting and other meeting types in Agile meetings: Types, goals, and benefits article.

Let’s take a closer look at what we need to make a great software development plan:

Software development teams must clearly define goals

Clearly defining goals allows the team to build requirements and understand exactly how to plan the SDLC. 

Gather requirements 

After the goals are clear, the development team must determine which resources they require. They should estimate hardware requirements, time and staff needs.


Once the goals and requirements are clear, the team should build a software budget. This budget might not be set in stone, but will give a good rough idea of the final cost of the software development project.


The team should define a timeframe for each sprint in the SDLC. They should allow for unexpected problems and ensure that the schedule is not so tight they cannot finish in time if bugs or security risks arise.

Assemble a team

The project owner, scrum master and project manager should build a team of experienced developers, designers and testers. Teams trained to use agile should be ready to begin the sprint as soon as the goals and requirements are gathered.

Testing, and testing again

The agile methodology ensures quality and speed through continuous testing. Steps of the SDLC may happen simultaneously. The software development team will implement what they learn from testing and user feedback in real-time.

Here at Blocshop, we specialize in creating software using agile. Our expert teams plan carefully so that they deliver great results on time and on budget.

Learn more from our insights

0-4 cover.png
October 03, 2023

IT Staffing: Individual Hiring vs. Specialized Developer Teams

Should you hire individual developers or go for a specialized, custom-built developer team?

July 17, 2023

ChatGPT-3.5: An Overview and Limitations

In this article, we'll take a closer look at the capabilities and limitations of ChatGPT-3.5, providing you with a comprehensive overview of what it can do and what its boundaries are. So, let's delve into the inner workings of this large language model.

gpt4 vs gpt3-5 and the key differnces.png
June 15, 2023

A Deep Dive into GPT-4 vs GPT-3.5 Differences and Ability to Revolutionize Software Development

There are key differences between ChatGPT-3.5 and ChatGPT-4 that software developers and companies procuring software solutions alike should be aware of. Let's see how these differences affect the output generated by these models on specific examples.

May 09, 2023

AI-powered software development: What CTOs need to know in 2023

As technology continues to evolve at a rapid pace in 2023 and beyond, CTOs must stay ahead of the curve by utilizing predictive analytics, automated testing processes, and deployment solutions.

May 05, 2023

How Artificial Intelligence is changing web development

AI technology is now being used in many different industries, including web development. It’s important to understand the impact that AI can have on web development as it can help companies to create more efficient and user-friendly websites.

May 05, 2023

How AI-powered software development is changing the role of the CTO

As AI-powered software development becomes increasingly commonplace, CTOs must prepare themselves to take on a new set of responsibilities that require more than just technical know-how.

April 17, 2023

How to build a minimum viable product (MVP)

The MVP is the version of a new product that allows Blocshop and your team to collect the maximum amount of validated learning about customers with the least amount of effort. The essence of your core idea is delivered as a barebones solution. The solutions is, however, sufficient for usage by early adopters. As a product, it has tangible qulities that express a look and feel.

March 21, 2023

10 AI tools for developers you should know about in 2023

For developers, programmers, and data scientists, AI coding solutions can free up thinking time, allowing such professionals to focus on the fundamentals of their projects, and complete such projects much faster.

February 14, 2023

17 Ideas for Web Apps in 2023

Gazillions of web apps and ideas for web apps are floating around the metaverse - so creating one that properly represents a unique brand is a huge challenge. Our list provides a number of areas of simple app ideas to help businesses transform their online presence through a web app.

Top 15 micro-SaaS ideas for your startup in 2023.png
December 06, 2021

Top 15 micro-SaaS ideas for your startup in 2022

What exactly do we mean by micro SaaS? Micro Saas solutions use a web browser or mobile app interface. Micro SaaS solutions usually come about through the effort of an individual or very small team. It aims to solve precise problems. Micro SaaS projects have small budgets and overhead. Customers use Micro SaaS solutions on a monthly or yearly subscription basis. Micro SaaS projects target a small niche of the consumer market.

Software engineer hourly rates in 2021 (based on experience and location).png
November 22, 2021

Software engineer hourly rates in 2022 (based on experience and location)

Region influences salary more than any other factor. Taxes rates, cost of living, and government benefit programs affect the rates software developers charge. Software developers in the USA  and Canada earn more than software developers in other countries.

The best programming languages for app development in 2022.png
November 15, 2021

The best programming languages for app development in 2022

Software developers usually have three main ways to create an app. They can choose to code a native app, a hybrid app or a progressive web app. Developers create native apps to function on one specific platform, usually either iOS or Android. They create these apps using Swift or Objective C for iOS. For Android they use C++, Kotlin or several other languages. 

Cross-platform mobile app development: Tools & frameworks for 2022.png
November 09, 2021

Cross-platform mobile app development: Tools & frameworks for 2022

The cross-platform development project aims to create apps compatible with several operating systems. Cross-platform apps work on iOS, Android, and Windows. Cross-platform apps look and feel like apps developed specifically for the operating system.

App development cost breakdown in 2022.png
November 08, 2021

App development cost breakdown in 2022

Your business needs an app, but you aren’t sure about the cost of creating an app. Without some figures, you can’t even begin to estimate the potential budget, so let’s get you sorted with the information you need to make your app a reality.

November 04, 2021

Web app development: a detailed guide

The best web apps give a responsive and engaging user experience through a browser instead of a single application. Think of web app development as a super-charged website. Web apps have many features of mobile apps coded for iOS or Android without the need to code for specific platforms. Developers create web apps using HTML, javascript, Python and CSS.

15 useful web app development tools for 2021.png
October 29, 2021

15 useful web app development tools for 2022

Web development vs app development: Choose the best for your business.png
October 19, 2021

Web development vs app development: Choose the best for your business

Outsource web development in 2021 and beyond: benefits & tips.png
October 15, 2021

Outsource web development in 2021 and beyond: benefits & tips

8 IT outsourcing trends in 2022.png
October 11, 2021

8 IT outsourcing trends in 2022

More and more firms choose to outsource their IT operations and functions. IT outsourcing grows each year. The Gartner report announced that firms spent $3.8 billion dollars on IT outsourcing in 2019. They expect that the trend will continue. Companies aiming for digital transformation need partners and tools. They need tools that they cannot build in-house with speed and accuracy. 

In-house development vs outsourcing software development.png
October 01, 2021

In-house development vs outsourcing software development

Every business starting software development must ask themselves what will serve them better, in-house or outsourcing? There is not a simple answer to the question. Making the choice to develop in-house or to outsource will have long-term consequences.